ECED 2060 MIDTERM
Receive in class or available online on
Thursday, March 5 or Friday March 6
Return Thursday, March 19 or Friday March 20
MULTIPLE CHOICE:

1. Specially designed instruction provided to children with disabilities, at no cost to parents, in all settings (such as the classroom,
physical education facilities, the home, hospitals, institutions, etc.).
   a. physical education
   b. special education
   c. talented and gifted programs
   d. quantum mechanics

2. This term is used to refer to a parking space, not an individual, but this is only according to your teacher.  According to your text, it
is a limitation imposed on an individual by the environment.
   a. disability
   b. disorder
   c. handicap
   d. disease

3. A condition resulting from loss of physical functioning, or difficulties in learning or social adjustment that  significantly interfere with
normal growth and development.
   a. disability
   b. disorder
   c. handicap
   d. disease        

4. A grouping of similar physical or neurological characteristics:
   a. disorder
   b. syndrome
   c. disease
   d. plague

5. Refers to sickness; implies healable, treatable, or lessened by medical intervention:
   a. disorder
   b. syndrome
   c. disease
   d. plague

6. Placing students with disabilities in general education classrooms for some or all of the school day. (a passé term, in my humble
opinion)
   a. mainstreaming
   b. inclusive education
   c. partial inclusion
   d. full inclusion

7. Children with disabilities attend preschool, childcare, and recreational programs with typically developing peers. This indicates a
commitment to educate ALL students so that they can reach their full potential. Don’t choose “mainstreaming.”
   a. mainstreaming
   b. No Child Left Behind
   c. general education
   d. inclusion

8. Children should be schooled in a placement that is as “normal” as is possible for their particular situation; or in other words, a
place that helps him/her succeed and develop:
   a. due process
   b. free appropriate public education
   c. least restrictive environment
   d. Head Start

9. Once this has been affixed to an individual, the two often become inseparable. To treat an individual only as pertains to this is an
injustice, not only to that person, but to everyone.
   a. weight
   b. label
   c. height
   d. genotype                

10. In referring to people with disabilities, language that speaks of the person first and then the disability, for example, “a child with
autism” rather than “an autistic child.”
   a. person first terminology
   b. PC speech
   c. disrespect
   d. open for breakfast and lunch

11. The provision of essential services and instruction during the critical early infancy, toddler, and preschool years; the delivery of a
coordinated and comprehensive set of specialized services to infants and toddlers with developmental delays or at risk conditions:
   a. early intervention
   b. preschool
   c. Head Start
   d. Montessori

12. Early intervention designed to prevent developmental problems that may come about as the result of the primary disability:
   a. secondary prevention
   b. secondary complications
   c. secondary school
   d. secondary infections

13. A program designed in the 1960s to serve 4-year-old children from economically disadvantaged homes:
   a. Child Find
   b. Head Start
   c. early intervention
   d. Montessori schools

14. A system within the state or local area that attempts to identify all children who have disabilities or who are at risk. This is a
screening system. It was established in the 1960s, but was not mandated by law until 1986.
   a. Child Find
   b. Head Start
   c. early intervention
   d. Montessori schools

15. A concept defined by individual states when referring to young children with disabilities. It is a delay in one or more of 5 areas
(adaptive, cognitive, communication, social or emotional, physical) of development, or having a diagnosed mental or physical
condition that puts the child at high risk.
   a. developmental milestones
   b. early intervention
   c. IFSP
   d. developmental delay

16. Significant junctures in development:
   a. developmental stages
   b. developmental milestones
   c. developmental transitions
   d. developmental delay

17. Describes a child with indications (biological or environmental) that serious problems may more easily develop:
   a. the bane of his mother’s existence
   b. a brat
   c. out of control
   d. at risk

18. A child  with a diagnosed medical disorder of known etiology and predictable
prognosis or outcome is described as having an
   a. established risk
   b. at risk
   c. enormous risk
   d. underdeveloped risk

19. A disability category of IDEA. Substantial limitations in functioning, characterized by significantly subaverage intellectual
functioning concurrent with related limitations in two or more adaptive skills. Manifests before age 18.
   a. mental retardation
   b. specific learning disabilities
   c. speech and language impairments
   d. traumatic brain injury

20. A disability category of IDEA. Impairments in social interaction and communication, as well as repetitive, stereotypic, and restricted
interests and activities, often accompanied by moderate or severe mental retardation. This is now a spectrum disorder with five or
more different disorders included.
   a. mental retardation
   b. traumatic brain injury
   c. fetal alcohol syndrome
   d. autism

21. A disability category of IDEA. Bodily impairments that interfere with an individual’s mobility, coordination, communication, learning,
and/or personal adjustment.
    a. other health impairments
   b. orthopedic impairments
   c. ADHD
   d. mental retardation

22. A category of IDEA. A specific condition in which a student has a dysfunction in processing information typically found in language-
based activities, interfering with learning. Students with this disability usually have average or above average intelligence, but
experience significant problems in reading, writing, and/or computing.
   a. mental retardation
   b. specific learning disabilities
   c. speech and language impairments
   d. traumatic brain injury

23. A disability category of IDEA. A term used to describe individuals who have hearing losses greater than 75 to 85 decibels, have
vision as their primary input, and cannot understand speech through the ear. This student would have difficulty processing
information through hearing – both with and without amplification – which adversely affects educational performance and
advancement.
   a. deaf
   b. blind
   c. deaf-blind
   d. hearing impaired

24. A developmental disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention to a degree that leads to an impairment in
functioning. This disorder is included in the “Other Health Impairment” category  of IDEA.
   a. other health impairments
   b. orthopedic impairments
   c. ADHD
   d. mental retardation

25. A disability category of IDEA. Acquired injury to the brain (such as tearing of nerve fibers, bruising of  brain tissue against the
skull, brain stem trauma, and swelling) caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or
psychosocial impairment.
   a. mental retardation
   b. traumatic brain injury
   c. fetal alcohol syndrome
   d. autism

26. A disability category of IDEA. A dual disability of deafness and blindness.
   a. deaf
   b. blind
   c. deaf-blind
   d. hearing impaired

27. A disability category of IDEA. The inability to maintain satisfactory relationships with peers that interferes with educational
performance for an extended length of time; includes lack of control, difficulty in interpersonal relationships, depression, lack of
contact with reality, and unexplained physical problems.
   a. traumatic brain injury
   b. mental retardation
   c. emotional disorders
   d. specific learning disabilities

28. A disability category of IDEA. Medical conditions that result in limited strength, vitality, or alertness. ADHD and Tourette syndrome
are included in this category.
   a. orthopedic impairments
   b. multiply disabled
   c. other health impairments
   d. visually impaired, including blindness

29. A disability category of IDEA. The inability to communicate effectively or physical impairments that limit or impair speech.
   a. mental retardation
   b. specific learning disabilities
   c. speech and language impairments
   d. traumatic brain injury

30. A disability category of IDEA. Any degree of hearing loss, from mild to profound, encompassing the terms deaf or hard of hearing
(though “deaf” is another category).
   a. deaf
   b. blind
   c. deaf-blind
   d. hearing impaired

31. A disability category of IDEA. Any level of vision loss that has an impact on an individual’s ability to complete daily tasks; includes
both blindness and low vision.
   a. deaf
   b. visually impaired, including blindness
   c. deaf-blind
   d. hearing impaired  

32. A disability category of IDEA. Having more than one disabling condition, not including deaf-blindness.
   a. multiply impaired
   b. blind
   c. deaf-blind                                                        
   d. hearing impaired

33. This court case in 1954 established that segregation of students by race is unconstitutional. Though not a disability issue, the
precedent extends to segregation of all children.
   a. Diana v. Board of Education
   b. Section 504
   c. Brown v. Board of Education
   d. Part H

34. The precedent established by this court case in 1970 was that children who are tested for potential placement in a special
education program must be assessed in their native or primary language.
   a. Diana v. Board of Education
   b. Section 504
   c. Brown v. Board of Education
   d. Part H

35. This federal law, passed in 1975, made a free, appropriate public education available to all eligible students, regardless of extent
or type of disability. Eligible students must receive special education in the least restrictive environment, and related services
necessary to meet their needs.
   a. PL 94-142
   b. PL 99-457
   c. PL 101-336
   d. PL 101-476

36. This term, introduced in PL 94-142, means that students with disabilities are entitled to receive an education designed to address
their special  needs, at no cost to their parents.
   a. free, appropriate public education
   b. least restrictive environment
   c. related services
   d. early intervention

37. This term, introduced in PL 94-142, means that students eligible for special education services should receive them in a setting
most like the one in which other students are educated and in the place where they can succeed. The presumption for most children
is general education, but this is unrealistic.    
   a. free, appropriate special education
   b. least restrictive environment
   c. related services
   d. early intervention

38. A document prepared by a multidisciplinary team that specifies a student’s level of functioning and needs; the instructional goals
and objectives for the student; methods of evaluation; nature and extent of special education, related services, and supplementary
aids; initiation date and duration of the service.
   a. Individual Transition Plan
   b. Individualized Education Plan
   c. Individualized Family Service Plan
   d. Individualized General Education Plan

39. Passed in 1986, this law extended the rights and protections of PL 94-142 to preschool age children (ages 3 – 5).  
   a. PL 94-142
   b. PL 99-457
   c. PL 101-336
   d. PL 101-476

40. A written plan that provides early intervention services for an infant or toddler who is eligible for special education services. This
plan is family centered, and includes statements of the child’s and family’s strengths and needs, child’s present developmental levels,
major outcomes expected, specific interventions and delivery systems, dates of initiation and duration of services, and transition into
public schools.
   a. Individual Transition Plan
   b. Individualized Education Plan
   c. Individualized Family Service Plan
   d. Individualized General Education Plan

41. The most recent reauthorization of PL 94-142, which occurred in 2004.
   a. PL 94-142
   b. PL 99-457
   c. PL 108-446
   d. PL 101-476

42. The stated purpose of this law is “that all children will have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to receive a high-quality
education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic
standards.”
   a. PL 94-142, Education of All Handicapped Children Act
   b. PL 107-110, No Child Left Behind Act
   c. PL 101-336, Americans with Disabilities Act
   d. PL 101-476, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

43. PL 94-142  was originally called the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. With the reauthorization of PL 94-142 in 1990
(PL 101-476), the name became:
   a. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
   b. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
   c. No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
   d. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

44. Which of the following is NOT provided by IDEA?
   a. zero reject
   b. due process
   c. free, appropriate, public education
   d. child care services

45. When a child has a disease, disorder, or disability which does NOT affect his educational performance, and does not qualify for
special education services under IDEA, which law can then be utilized to serve the child (and prevent discrimination) (To be honest,
there are two correct answers here, so CHOOSE CAREFULLY)?
   a. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
   b. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
   c. No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
   d. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

46. No assessment activity or special education services can occur without this:
   a. a child with a disability
   b. schools
   c. special education teachers
   d. parent permission

47. The steps of the assessment process in order:
   a. screening, program planning, eligibility
   b. program planning, screening, eligibility
   c. screening, eligibility, program planning
   d. eligibility, screening, program planning

48. The test measures what it purports to measure:
   a. validity
   b. reliability
   c. sensitivity
   d. specificity

49. The test is accurate, dependable, and predictable:
   a. validity
   b. reliability
   c. sensitivity
   d. specificity

50. A genetic inheritance of a trait that is carried by only one parent. Statistically, it is passed to 50% of their children:
   a. autosomal recessive genetic inheritance
   b. autosomal dominant genetic inheritance
   c. X-linked inheritance
   d. y-linked inheritance

51. A genetic inheritance of a trait in which both asymptomatic parents carry the gene. The child has two abnormal genes. Statistically
the chance is 25%:
   a. autosomal recessive genetic inheritance
   b. autosomal dominant genetic inheritance
   c. X-linked inheritance
   d. y-linked inheritance

52. Devices and/or services that improve the functional capabilities of students with disabilities.
   a. physical therapist
   b. Child Find
   c. assistive technology
   d. occupational therapist

53. A trait transmitted by a gene located on the X chromosome, also called sex-linked; passed by a carrier mother to an affected son.
   a. autosomal recessive genetic inheritance
   b. autosomal dominant genetic inheritance
   c. X-linked inheritance
   d. y-linked inheritance
There are 100 questions in 7 categories: 53 Multiple
choice, 24 Short answer, 6 True/False, 4 Specific Learning
Disability short answer, 5 Emotional Disabilities short answer,
6 Mental Retardation short answer, and 2 Traumatic Brain
Injury short answer.
 
SHORT ANSWER:

54. – 66. List the 13 categories of IDEA
   1.
   2.
   3.
   4.
   5.
   6.
   7.
   8.
   9.
   10.
   11.
   12.
   13.

67. What age range does Part B of IDEA cover?

68. What age range does Part C of IDEA cover?

69. In what year was IDEA most recently reauthorized?

70. Which special education category must be manifested before age 18?

71. Which special education label cannot be used after age 9?

72. – 77. What do the following acronyms stand for?

   IEP

   IFSP
   
   IDEA

   FAPE

   LRE

   NCLB
TRUE/FALSE:

78. ______ Not all students identified with a disability are eligible to receive special education services under IDEA.

79. ______ IF parents do not respond with consent for their child to be evaluated for special education eligibility, then the school
may proceed with the evaluation after three months.

80. ______ If your mother has traumatic brain injury, you are more likely to have it, too.

81. ______ Children who attend private schools are eligible for IDEA services.

82. ______ Children who are homeless are not eligible for IDEA services.

83. ______ The human body has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46.
Specific Learning Disability Short answer

84. Who coined the term “specific learning disability” in 1963?

85. What is the learning disability identified in this definition?: A  language based disability in which a person has trouble
understanding written words; also referred to as a reading disability or a reading disorder.

86. What is the learning disability identified in this definition?: A mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving
arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts.

87. What is the learning disability identified in this definition?: A writing disability in which a person finds it hard to form letters or
write within a defined space.
Emotional Disabilities Short answer

88. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic
rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated, as manifested by the presence of three or more of
the following (in the last 6 months: aggression to people or animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious
violation of rules.

89. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: An eating disorder, occurring most often in young women, in which
individuals eat very little but believe that they are overweight.

90. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: Eating disorder in which binge eating is alternated with purging.

91. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: Purposeless and irregular behavior such as motor movement or
vocalizations with unpredictable onset. Movements or vocalizations are involuntary, rapid, or recurrent over time. They may take
the form of eye blinking, facial gestures, sniffing, snorting, repeating certain words or phrases, or grunting. Stress often
exacerbates the nature and frequency of tics.   

92. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: A persistent refusal to talk in typical school, social, or work
environments. This disorder is really quite rare, occurring less than 1% of the time in psychiatric referrals, but it may significantly
affect the child's social and educational functioning.
Mental Retardation

93. – 95. List at least three disorders which may lead to mental retardation.



96. – 98. What are the IQ scores associated with the following terms?
   
   mild mental retardation

   profound mental retardation

   educable
Traumatic Brain Injury

99. Extensive damage to the brain resulting in intense stupor. This condition is often derived from brutal shaking, violent blows,
or other serious impacts to the head. What is this?

100. A break, crack, or split of the skull resulting from a violent blow or other serious impact to the head. What is this?