ECED 2060 MIDTERM: If you are copying this here, because you didn't
receive it in class, EMAIL ME AND TELL ME that you have the test.
The test is
due
TUESDAY October 27 (Tuesday evening class); FRIDAY October 30 (MWF class) or
THURSDAY, October 29 (TTh class). DON'T TURN THIS IN LATE!!!
MULTIPLE CHOICE:

1. Specially designed instruction provided to children with disabilities, at no cost to parents, in all settings (such as the classroom, physical
education facilities, the home, hospitals, institutions, etc.).
a. physical education
b. special education
c. talented and gifted programs
d. quantum mechanics

2. It is my belief that this term should only be used to refer to a parking space or as a golf term, not to an individual. Nevertheless, it is
sometimes used to refer to a limitation imposed on an individual by the environment.
a. disability
b. disorder
c. handicap
d. disease

3. A condition resulting from loss of physical functioning, or difficulties in learning or social adjustment that  significantly interfere with normal
growth and development.
a. disability
b. disorder
c. handicap
d. disease        

4. A grouping of similar physical or neurological characteristics:
a. disorder
b. syndrome
c. disease
d. plague

5. Refers to sickness; implies healable, treatable, or lessened by medical intervention:
a. disorder
b. syndrome
c. disease
d. plague

6. Placing students with disabilities in general education classrooms for some or all of the school day. (a passé term, in my humble opinion)
a. mainstreaming
b. inclusive education
c. partial inclusion
d. full inclusion

7. Children with disabilities attend preschool, childcare, and recreational programs with typically developing peers. This indicates a
commitment to educate ALL students so that they can reach their full potential. Don’t choose “mainstreaming.” You should have already used
that answer.
a. mainstreaming
b. No Child Left Behind
c. general education
d. inclusion

8. Children should be schooled in a placement that is as “normal” as is possible for their particular situation; or in other words, a place that
helps him/her succeed and develop. Even though this term means "inclusion," it is a more precise and meaningful term:
a. due process
b. free appropriate public education
c. least restrictive environment
d. Head Start

9. Once this has been affixed to an individual, the two often become inseparable. To treat an individual only as pertains to this is an injustice,
not only to that person, but to everyone.
a. weight
b. label
c. height
d. genotype                

10. In referring to people with disabilities, language that speaks of the person first and then the disability, for example, “a child with autism”
rather than “an autistic child.”
a. person first terminology
b. PC speech
c. disrespect
d. open for breakfast and lunch

11. The provision of essential services and instruction during the critical early infancy, toddler, and preschool years; the delivery of a
coordinated and comprehensive set of specialized services to infants and toddlers with developmental delays or at risk conditions:
a. early intervention
b. preschool
c. Head Start
d. Montessori

12. This term refers to the prevention of further conditions which may be disabling at a later date -- early intervention provided before the
condition worsens or before other areas of development are affected:
a. secondary prevention
b. Head Start
c. secondary school
d. high school

13. A program designed in the 1960s to serve 4-year-old children from economically disadvantaged homes:
a. Child Find
b. Head Start
c. early intervention
d. Montessori schools

14. A system within the state or local area that attempts to identify all children who have disabilities or who are at risk. This is a screening
system. It was established in the 1960s, but was not mandated by law until 1986.
a. Child Find
b. Head Start
c. early intervention
d. Montessori schools

15. A concept defined by individual states when referring to young children with disabilities. It is a delay in one or more of 5 areas (adaptive,
cognitive, communication, social or emotional, physical) of development, or having a diagnosed mental or physical condition that puts the
child at high risk.
a. developmental milestones
b. early intervention
c. IFSP
d. developmental delay

16. Significant junctures in development:
a. developmental stages
b. developmental milestones
c. developmental transitions
d. developmental delay

17. Describes a child with indications (biological or environmental) that serious problems may more easily develop:
a. the bane of his mother’s existence
b. a brat
c. out of control
d. at risk

18. A child  with a diagnosed medical disorder of known etiology and predictable prognosis or outcome is described as having an
a. established risk
b. at risk
c. enormous risk
d. underdeveloped risk

19. A disability category of IDEA. Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive
behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
a. intellectual disability
b. specific learning disabilities
c. speech and language impairments
d. traumatic brain injury

20. A disability category of IDEA. A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction,
generally evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with [this
category] are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily
routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.
a. intellectual disability
b. traumatic brain injury
c. fetal alcohol syndrome
d. autism

21. A disability category of IDEA. A severe [body structure] impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term
includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and
impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).
a. other health impairments
b. orthopedic impairments
c. ADHD
d. mental retardation

22. A category of IDEA. A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language,
spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations,
including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. Disorders
not included: learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, or emotional
disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.
a. intellectual disability
b. specific learning disabilities
c. speech and language impairments
d. traumatic brain injury

23. A disability category of IDEA. A hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through
hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
a. deaf
b. blind
c. deaf-blind
d. hearing impaired

24. A developmental disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention to a degree that leads to an impairment in
functioning. This disorder is included in the “Other Health Impairment” category  of IDEA.
a. other health impairments
b. orthopedic impairments
c. ADHD
d. mental retardation

25. A disability category of IDEA. An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional
disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Traumatic brain injury applies to open
or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract
thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information
processing; and speech. Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries
induced by birth trauma.
a. intellectual disability
b. traumatic brain injury
c. fetal alcohol syndrome
d. autism

26. A disability category of IDEA. Concomitant hearing and vision impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication
and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with
deafness or children with blindness.
a. deaf
b. blind
c. deaf-blind
d. hearing impaired

27. A disability category of IDEA. A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked
degree, which adversely affects a child's educational performance:
     a. An inability to learn which cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors;
     b. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory relationships with peers and teachers;
     c. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances;
     d. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; or
     e. A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal and school problems.
The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have an
emotional disturbance under [the first part of this definition].
a. traumatic brain injury
b. intellectual disability
c. emotional disturbance
d. specific learning disabilities

28. A disability category of IDEA. Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that
results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems, such as asthma,
attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning,
leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette Syndrome; and which adversely affects a child's educational
performance.
a. orthopedic impairments
b. multiply disabled
c. other health impairments
d. visually impaired, including blindness

29. A disability category of IDEA. A communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice
impairment, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
a. intellectual disability
b. specific learning disabilities
c. speech and language impairments
d. traumatic brain injury

30. A disability category of IDEA. An impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational
performance.
a. deaf
b. blind
c. deaf-blind
d. hearing impaired

31. A disability category of IDEA. An impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance. The
term includes both partial sight and blindness.
a. deaf
b. visually impaired, including blindness
c. deaf-blind
d. hearing impaired  

32. A disability category of IDEA. Concomitant impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness or mental retardation-orthopedic
impairment), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education
programs solely for one of the impairments. [This category] does not include deaf-blindness.
a. multiply impaired
b. blind
c. deaf-blind                                                        
d. hearing impaired

33. This Supreme Court case in 1954 established that segregation of students by race is unconstitutional. Though not a disability issue, the
precedent extends to segregation of all children.
a. Diana v. Board of Education
b. Section 504
c. Brown v. Board of Education
d. Part H

34. The precedent established by this court case in 1970 was that children who are tested for potential placement in a special education
program must be assessed in their native or primary language.
a. Diana v. Board of Education
b. Section 504
c. Brown v. Board of Education
d. Part H

35. This federal law, passed in 1975, made a free, appropriate public education available to all eligible students, regardless of extent or type
of disability. Eligible students must receive special education in the least restrictive environment, and related services necessary to meet
their needs.
a. PL 94-142
b. PL 99-457
c. PL 101-336
d. PL 101-476

36. This term, introduced in PL 94-142, means that students with disabilities are entitled to receive an education designed to address their
special  needs, at no cost to their parents.
a. free, appropriate public education
b. least restrictive environment
c. related services
d. early intervention

37. This term, introduced in PL 94-142, means that students eligible for special education services should receive them in a setting most like
the one in which other students are educated and in the place where they can succeed. The presumption for most children is general
education, but this is unrealistic.    
a. free, appropriate special education
b. least restrictive environment
c. related services
d. early intervention

38. A document prepared by a multidisciplinary team that specifies a student’s level of functioning and needs; the instructional goals and
objectives for the student; methods of evaluation; nature and extent of special education, related services, and supplementary aids; initiation
date and duration of the service. This document is generally used for children age 3 and older, not for infants.
a. Individual Transition Plan
b. Individualized Education Plan
c. Individualized Family Service Plan
d. Individualized General Education Plan

39. Passed in 1986, this law extended the rights and protections of PL 94-142 to preschool age children (ages 3 – 5).  
a. PL 94-142
b. PL 99-457
c. PL 101-336
d. PL 101-476

40. A written plan that provides early intervention services for an infant or toddler who is eligible for special education services. This plan is
family centered, and includes statements of the child’s and family’s strengths and needs, child’s present developmental levels, major
outcomes expected, specific interventions and delivery systems, dates of initiation and duration of services, and transition into public
schools.
a. Individual Transition Plan
b. Individualized Education Plan
c. Individualized Family Service Plan
d. Individualized General Education Plan

41. The most recent reauthorization of PL 94-142, which occurred in 2004.
a. PL 94-142
b. PL 99-457
c. PL 108-446
d. PL 101-476

42. The stated purpose of this law is “that all children will have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to receive a high-quality education
and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic standards.”
a. PL 94-142, Education of All Handicapped Children Act
b. PL 107-110, No Child Left Behind Act
c. PL 101-336, Americans with Disabilities Act
d. PL 101-476, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

43. PL 94-142  was originally called the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. With the reauthorization of PL 94-142 in 1990 (PL 101-476),
the name became:
a. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
b. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
c. No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
d. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

44. Which of the following is NOT provided by IDEA?
a. zero reject
b. due process
c. free, appropriate, public education
d. child care services

45. When a child has a disease, disorder, or disability which does NOT affect his educational performance, and does not qualify for special
education services under IDEA, which law can then be utilized to serve the child (and prevent discrimination)? (To be honest, there are two
correct answers here, so CHOOSE CAREFULLY)
a. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
b. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
c. No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
d. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

46. No assessment activity or special education services can occur without this:
a. a child with a disability
b. schools
c. special education teachers
d. parent permission

47. The steps of the assessment process in order:
a. screening, program planning, eligibility
b. program planning, screening, eligibility
c. screening, eligibility, program planning
d. eligibility, screening, program planning

48. The test measures what it purports to measure:
a. validity
b. reliability
c. sensitivity
d. specificity

49. The test is accurate, dependable, and predictable:
a. validity
b. reliability
c. sensitivity
d. specificity

50. A genetic inheritance of a trait from an affected parent. If the child inherits the trait from just one parent, the child will be affected with the
disability. Statistically, it is passed to 50% of their children:
a. autosomal recessive genetic inheritance
b. autosomal dominant genetic inheritance
c. X-linked inheritance
d. y-linked inheritance

51. A genetic inheritance of a trait in which both asymptomatic parents carry the gene. The child must inherit two abnormal genes (one from
each parent) in order to be affected. If the child inherits one, s/he will be asymptomatic also (a carrier). Statistically the chance is 25% of being
a carrier (with only one carrier parent):
a. autosomal recessive genetic inheritance
b. autosomal dominant genetic inheritance
c. X-linked inheritance
d. y-linked inheritance

52. Devices and/or services that improve the functional capabilities of students with disabilities.
a. physical therapist
b. Child Find
c. assistive technology
d. occupational therapist

53. A trait transmitted by a gene located on the X chromosome, passed by a carrier mother to an affected son.
a. autosomal recessive genetic inheritance
b. autosomal dominant genetic inheritance
c. X-linked inheritance
d. y-linked inheritance
There are 100 questions in 7
categories
: 53 Multiple choice, 24 Short
answer, 6 True/False, 4 Specific
Learning Disability short answer, 5
Emotional Disabilities short answer, 6
Mental Retardation short answer, and 2
Traumatic Brain Injury short answer.
 
SHORT ANSWER:

54. – 66. List the 13 categories of IDEA
1.                                                2.                                                3.                                                         4.
5.                                                6.                                                7.                                                         8.
9.                                                10.                                              11.                                                       12.
13.

67. What age range does Part B of IDEA cover?

68. What age range does Part C of IDEA cover?

69. In what year was IDEA most recently reauthorized?

70. Which special education category must be manifested before age 18?

71. Which special education label cannot be used after age 9?

72. – 77. What do the following acronyms stand for?

IEP                                                                                                           IFSP

IDEA                                                                                                        FAPE

LRE                                                                                                          NCLB
TRUE/FALSE:

78. ______ All students identified with a disability are eligible to receive special education services under IDEA.

79. ______ IF parents do not respond with consent for their child to be evaluated for special education eligibility, then the school may
proceed with the evaluation after three months.

80. ______ If your mother has traumatic brain injury, you are more likely to have it, too.

81. ______ Children who attend private schools are eligible for IDEA services.

82. ______ Children who are homeless are eligible for IDEA services.

83. ______ The human body has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46.
Specific Learning Disability Short answer

84. Who coined the term “specific learning disability” in 1963?

85. What is the learning disability identified in this definition?: A  language based disability in which a person has trouble understanding
written words; also referred to as a reading disability or a reading disorder.

86. What is the learning disability identified in this definition?: A mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving
arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts.

87. What is the learning disability identified in this definition?: A writing disability in which a person finds it hard to form letters or write within
a defined space.
Emotional Disabilities Short answer

88. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of
others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated, as manifested by the presence of three or more of the following (in the
last 6 months): aggression to people or animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violation of rules.

89. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: An eating disorder, occurring most often in young women, in which
individuals eat very little but believe that they are overweight.

90. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: Eating disorder in which binge eating is alternated with purging.

91. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: Purposeless and irregular behavior such as motor movement or vocalizations
with unpredictable onset. Movements or vocalizations are involuntary, rapid, or recurrent over time. They may take the form of eye blinking,
facial gestures, sniffing, snorting, repeating certain words or phrases, or grunting. Stress often exacerbates the nature and frequency of tics.
  

92. What is the emotional disability identified in this definition?: A persistent refusal to talk in typical school, social, or work environments.
This disorder is really quite rare, occurring less than 1% of the time in psychiatric referrals, but it may significantly affect the child's social and
educational functioning.
Intellectual Disability

93. – 95. List at least three disorders which may lead to intellectual disability.



96. – 98. What are the IQ scores associated with the following terms?

mild mental retardation

profound mental retardation

educable
Traumatic Brain Injury

99. Extensive damage to the brain resulting in intense stupor. This condition is often derived from brutal shaking, violent blows, or other
serious impacts to the head. What is this?

100. A break, crack, or split of the skull resulting from a violent blow or other serious impact to the head. What is this?